Hanifaru Bay, a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve

1 hour

  • Description

    Royal Island is located in the protected UNESCO Biosphere Reserve of Baa Atoll, home to rich coral reefs, a variety of tropical marine life, whale sharks and manta rays which gather at the unique marine reserve of Hanifaru Bay. The bay is located just 15 minutes by speed boat from Royal Island. Snorkeling alongside these magical creatures is a memorable experience and one that will leave you truly captivated as you witness the stunning underwater kingdom of one of the world’s largest aggregations of Manta Rays.

    Hanifaru Bay (locally known as Vandhumaafaru Adi) is a narrow channel-like bay which acts as a scoop for an abundance of plankton which gets trapped in the bay with nutrient rich water during the Southwest Monsoon in the Indian Ocean between the months of May – November. The graceful mantas whose wingspan can reach up to 3.5 meters congregate to feed on the plankton rich waters in the bay; barrel rolling and gliding near the surface to funnel their microscopic meal. When a lunar tide also occurs, this results in a massive build-up of plankton in the bay. The high concentration draws in hundreds of filter feeders and it is not unusual to see up to 200 manta rays accompanied by whale sharks. A truly mesmerizing and remarkable encounter.